第十八章 损害责任

第一条天航对发生在天航的班机上或者在上、下班机过程中的旅客伤亡事故承担损害赔偿责任;但是,旅客的人身伤亡完全是由于旅客本人的健康状况造成的,天航不承担责任。

第二条天航对发生在天航的班机上或者处于天航掌管之下任何期间内的托运行李毁灭、遗失或者损坏事件承担损害赔偿责任。对于非托运行李,包括旅客随身携带物品,天航对因其过错或者其受雇人或者代理人的过错造成的损失承担责任。但是,行李(包括托运行李、非托运行李和旅客随身携带物品)损失是由于行李的固有缺陷、质量或者瑕疵造成的,天航不承担责任。另外,天航对行李的外部损伤和正常磨损不承担责任,例如:行李的外部支出部分如:带子、口袋、拉杆、挂钩、轮子或者其他黏附在行李的部分的损坏和超大/超包装的行李的损坏。

第三条天航对旅客或行李在航空运输中因天航的延误引起的损失承担责任。但是,天航或者其受雇人、代理人为了避免损失的发生,已经采取一切必要措施或者不可能采取此种措施的,天航不承担责任。旅客必须在天航规定的时间内对行李损失提出申报并提供相应单据,否则天航将不承担责任。

第四条经天航证明,损失是由索赔人或者索赔人从其取得权利的人的过错造成或者促成的,应当根据造成或者促成此种损失的过错的程度,相应免除或者减轻天航的责任。旅客以外的其他人就旅客伤亡提出赔偿请求时,经天航证明,伤亡是旅客本人的过错造成或者促成的,同样根据造成或者促成此种损失的过错的程度,相应免除或者减轻天航的责任。

第五条关于赔偿责任限额的适用

(一)若属于1999年《蒙特利尔公约》规定的“国际运输”,则优先适用该公约关于责任限额的规定。

(二)若属于1929年《华沙公约》及1955年《海牙议定书》规定的“国际运输”,但不属于1999年《蒙特利尔公约》规定的“国际运输”,则适用《华沙公约》及其《海牙议定书》关于责任限额的规定。

(三)若不属于公约适用的“国际运输”,则适用双边条约或《中华人民共和国民用航空法》等国内法律、政府法规或命令的相关规定。

第六条公约关于赔偿责任限额的规定

(一)《华沙公约》及《海牙议定书》

1、天航对旅客伤亡的赔偿责任限额不超过二十五万法国金法郎或等值货币。

2、天航对托运行李的赔偿责任限额不超过每公斤二百五十法国金法郎或等值货币;对非托运行李和旅客随身携带物品的责任限额不超过每一旅客五千法国金法郎或等值货币。行李票上如果没有行李重量记录,托运行李的总重量被认为不超过所乘座位等级适用的免费行李额。按照本条件第九章第八条办理声明价值的托运行李,其损害赔偿以该声明价值为限。

(二)1999年《蒙特利尔公约》

1、天航对每名旅客死亡或者身体伤害而产生的损失,不超过100,000特别提款权赔偿责任,且不得免除或者限制其责任。

2、天航对每名旅客死亡或者身体伤害超过100,000特别提款权赔偿责任,天航证明有下列情形的,不应当承担责任:

(1)损失不是由于天航或者其受雇人、代理人的过失或者其他不当作为、不作为造成的;

(2)损失完全是由第三人的过失或者其他不当作为、不作为造成的。

3、天航在旅客运输中因延误造成损失的,对每名旅客不超过4,150特别提款权的赔偿责任

4、天航在行李运输中造成毁灭、遗失、损坏或者延误的,天航的责任以每名旅客1,000特别提款权为限,除非旅客在向天航交运托运行李时,特别声明在目的地点交付时的利益,并在必要时支付附加费。在此种情况下,除天航证明旅客声明的金额高于在目的地点交付时旅客的实际利益外,天航在声明金额范围内承担责任。

第七条在与本条件前述各项规定不相抵触的情况下,无论其国际运输是否适用本条件所指定的公约,以下条款均适用:

(一)天航仅对本公司航班的运输承担损害责任;天航为其他承运人航班的运输填开客票或办理行李托运,只能作为该承运人的代理人。

(二)由于天航为遵守相关法律或政府法规、命令或规定所产生的任何损失,天航不承担责任;由于旅客未能遵守上述法律或政府法规、命令或规定而产生的任何损失,天航也不承担责任。

(三)天航的责任以不超过经证实的直接损失数额为限;对于间接损失或后果性损失,天航不承担责任。

(四)由于旅客行李中的物品对旅客造成伤害或对其行李造成损害,天航不承担责任;由于旅客行李中的物品对他人造成伤害或对他人或天航的财产造成损害,该旅客应赔偿天航的损失和由此支付的一切费用。

(五)对于旅客在托运行李内夹带的易碎易腐物品、货币、珠宝、贵重金属、金银制品、流通票据、有价证券或其它贵重物品、商业文件、护照和其它证明文件或样品的损失,天航均不承担责任。

(六)由于旅客本人的年龄、精神或健康状况而造成或加重其本人的任何疾病、伤害、残疾或死亡,天航不承担责任。

(七)本运输条件任何有关天航的责任免除或限制条款,同样适用于天航的代理人、雇员和代表以及将其飞机提供给天航使用的任何人及其代理人、雇员和代表;天航和上述代理人、雇员、代表以及天航使用其飞机的任何人及其代理人、雇员和代表所支付的赔偿总额,不得超过依照本条件所适用的责任限额。

第八条除非本条件中有明确规定,本条件不排除公约或适用法律对免除或限制天航责任的任何规定的适用。

Article 18 Liability for Damage

18.1 Tianjin Airlines will liable for the damage of the passenger occurring on the aircraft or boarding or descending the aircraft but is not liable for the death of the passenger totally caused by the passenger’s health condition.

18.2 Tianjin Airlines will be liable for any destruction, loss or damage occurring during carriage in flight or within a period controlled by Tianjin Airlines. Tianjin Airlines will liable for the damages of unchecked baggage and hand baggage because of Tianjin Airlines’ employee or agent mistakes. But Tianjin Airlines will not liable for the damage of baggage (including checked baggage, unchecked baggage and hand baggage) if it caused by the defect, quality and flaw of the baggage. Tianjin Airlines does not assume liability for normal wear and tear to baggage, which includes: damage to or loss of protruding baggage parts such as straps, pockets, pull handles, hanger hooks, wheels and feet, or other items attached to the baggage as well as damage to over sized/over packed bags.

18。3 Tianjin Airlines will be liable for the damage of the passenger and baggage caused by Tianjin Airlines’ delay in the transportation. But Tianjin Airlines will not liable for the damage if Tianjin Airlines’ employee or agent has taken all measures to avoid damage or it is impossible for him to take such measure. Damaged or delayed property must be reported to Tianjin Airlines according to Tianjin regulations and time limits, otherwise Tianjin is not liable for responsibility.

18。4 if it is confirmed that the losses are caused or facilitated by the faults of the claimant or the one from whom the claimant obtains rights, Tianjin Airlines will be exempted from liability or just bear reduced responsibilities according to the degree of such faults which have caused or facilitated the losses. If confirmed by Tianjin Airlines that other person rather than the passenger requires compensation for the passenger’s injury or death and such injury or death is caused or facilitated by the passenger’s own faults, Tianjin Airlines will be exempted from liability or just bear reduced responsibilities according to the degree of such faults which have caused or facilitated the injury or death.

18.5 on the limitation of liability

18.5.1 International Carriage as defined in the 1999 Montreal Convention, is subject to the liability rules of such Convention.

18.5.2 International Carriage as defined in the 1929 Warsaw Convention and 1955 Hague Protocol but not in 1999 Montreal Convention, is subject to the liability rules of Warsaw Convention and Hague Protocol.

18.5.3 Where International Carriage is not subject to the liability rules of the Convention, is subject to the bilateral agreement or Civil Aviation Law of The People's Republic of China and related regulations about applicable laws, government regulations or orders.

18。6 on the limitation of liability regulated in Convention

18.6.1 Warsaw Convention and Hague Protocol

18.6.1.1 The compensation for injuries or deaths paid by Tianjin Airlines to passenger will not exceed two hundred fifty thousand French francs or its equivalent.

18.6.1.2 The compensation for checked baggage paid by Tianjin Airlines is no more than two hundred and fifty French francs per kilogram or its equivalent. The compensation for unchecked baggage or hand baggage paid by Tianjin Airlines is no more than five thousand French francs per passenger or its equivalent. If no baggage weight record in the baggage check, the weight of the checked baggage will be regarded as not exceed the free baggage allowance to the related class of cabin. The compensation for checked baggage, which has declared its value subject to 9.8 of Article 9 shall be within the value declaration.

18.6.2 1999 Montreal Convention

18.6.2.1.The liability of Tianjin Airlines for each passenger for death, wounding or other bodily injury does not exceed 100,000 SDRs without exclusion or limitation of liability.

18.6.2.2. The liability for damage to each passenger exceeds 100,000 SDRs. However, Tianjin Airlines is not liable for the following situations:

(a) It is proved that the damages caused are not due to the faults or improper measures or negative acts made by Tianjin Airlines, its employees or agents;

(b) It is proved that the damages are absolutely caused by the third party because of its faults, its improper measures or negative acts.

18.2.6.3.The liability for damages due to delay throughout the transportation of Tianjin Airlines does not exceed 4,150 SDRs.

18.2.6.4. The liability of Tianjin Airlines in the case of destroying, loss, damage or delay of checked baggage shall be limited to 1,000 SDRs for per passenger, unless the passenger has made a special declaration on the value of the luggage for the destination and has been surcharged if it is necessary when the passenger delivers his or her checked baggage. Tianjin Airlines shall be liable within the scope of the declared value except that Tianjin Airlines proves that the value of the luggage declared by passenger is higher than the actual value of the luggage when it is claimed at the destination.

18。7to the extent not in conflict with the foregoing and whether or not the Convention applies:

18.7.1 Tianjin Airlines is liable only for damage occurring on its own line. Tianjin Airlines issuing a ticket or checking baggage over the lines of another carrier does so only as agent for such other carrier.

18。7。2 Tianjin Airlines is not liable for any damage arising from its compliance with any laws or government regulations, orders or requirements, or from failure of the passenger to comply with the same。

18。7。3 Tianjin Airlines' liability shall not exceed the amount of proven damages。 Tianjin Airlines shall furthermore not be liable for indirect or consequential damages。

18.7.4 Tianjin Airlines is not liable for injury to a passenger or for damage to a passenger's baggage caused by property contained in such passenger's baggage. Any passenger whose property causes injury to another person or damage to another person's property or to the property of Tianjin Airlines shall indemnify Tianjin Airlines for all losses and expenses incurred by Carrier as a result thereof.

18.7.5 Tianjin Airlines is not liable for damage to fragile or perishable items, money, jewelry, precious metals, silverware, negotiable papers, securities or other valuables, business documents, passports and other identification documents, samples, medicines or drugs, which are included in the passenger's checked and carry-on baggage.

18.7.6 If a passenger is carried whose age or mental or physical condition is such as to involve any hazard or risk to himself or herself, Tianjin Airlines shall not be liable for any illness, injury, disability or death.

18.7.7 Any exclusion or limitation of liability of Tianjin Airlines shall apply to and be for the benefit of agents, employees and representatives of Tianjin Airlines and any person whose aircraft is used by Tianjin Airlines and Tianjin Airlines' agents, employees and representatives. The aggregate amount recoverable from Tianjin Airlines and from such agents, employees, representatives and persons shall not exceed the amount of Tianjin Airlines' limit of liability.

Unless so expressly provided nothing herein contained shall waive any exclusion or limitation of liability of Carrier under the Convention or applicable laws。

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